Lichtlabor-Berlin

The full implementation of the Treaty on the establishment of a State of the Union, Russia and Belarus, signed on 8 December 1999, provided for the creation of a single post-Soviet association that would unify the characteristics of an international organisation and a State. The idea was that the state of the Union resembled the European Union and even surpassed it a little in terms of the degree of integration. Further measures have been taken to ensure equality between Russian and Belarusian citizens in job applications, enrolment in universities and crossing the common border. However, there is still room for improvement in this area. This is what emerges most clearly from education. For example, Belarusian high school students can write the Russian uniform state exam and thus have access to a Russian university with a full scholarship. However, Russian universities do not accept the results of the Belarusian state exam in their admission criteria. This is due to the fact that national programmes differ from country to country. Admittedly, a harmonization of humanitarian matters such as history and literature would prove problematic, but it is quite possible to do the same for the exact sciences. Russia and Belarus have been involved in an oil dispute over prices for a decade. While Russia supplies subsidized energy to Belarus, it is no longer ready to do so indefinitely or without significant political and strategic gains. As a result, the subsidies granted to Belarus were a contentious issue between the two states, with Putin claiming that „subsidizing Belarus (more) in the face of the unresolved issue of state-building of the Union would be a mistake.“ As a member of the Eurasian Economic Union, which offers broad access to the huge Russian market, the Belarusian economy has benefited. It is the most integrated country in the EAWU in terms of trade.

In 2018, the foreign trade of general government improved significantly. Without the necessary economic reforms, the economy survived thanks to cheap loans and loans from Moscow. While Belarus enters the Russian sphere of influence and the calculation of regional security, it does not have a large Russian military base. In 1999, Lukashenko signed an agreement with then Russian President Boris Yeltsin on the creation of a political and economic union in which the two countries should have common political institutions, economic policies and currency. [18] In accordance with Article 6 of the Treaty, Member States, while voluntarily transferring certain powers to the UnS, retain the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity, structure of the State, constitution, state flags, coat of arms and other attributes of the state. . . .

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